Most bruises, also known as contusions, are mild and heal on their own. However, more severe contusions can damage muscle tissue or bone, which may take longer to heal.
Weight-bearing and cardiovascular activities stress the body. As a result of that stress, we enhance our strength and endurance. By pushing our physical boundaries, we optimize our athletic performance. But this process is almost always at the cost of feeling some level of pain.
As long ago as 1984 the Journal of the American Medical Association published studies demonstrating brain damage in 87% of boxers studied by means of EEG and CT scan. This was not mere medical opinion. It was and is hard medical evidence, reproducible and subject to re-examination.
Whether you're the parent of a young student who is learning remotely this fall or a student yourself – or you're working from home – understanding ways to minimize your spine injury risk is essential.